In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is a term used in reproductive medicine and describes a laboratory method fertilising eggs in a petri dish with sperms. The resulting embryo is then implanted at a very early stage in the uterus. If the fertilised egg “hatches” in the uterus, an embryo develops, thus resulting in a successful pregnancy.
The IVF was initially developed to enable women to become pregnant when their fallopian tube was glued. In this case the egg could not get from the ovary into the uterus. The first IVF baby, Louise Joy Brown was born in 1978 in England. IVF is sometimes performed in conjunction with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Fertilization is achieved by injecting a single sperm directly into an egg. This method is applied when men have poor-quality sperm or extremely low sperm counts. The first successful pregnancy resulting from ICSI was reported in 1992.