- Susanne L. Schulz MD, (Specialist in internal medicine, cardiology, angiology, further specialisation phlebology)
Cardiology is a specialised branch of internal medicine. The cardiologist is primarily concerned with diseases of the cardiovascular system. Diagnosis and treatment will differ between non-invasive and invasive methods. For diagnosis simple tools as stethoscope, ECG and blood pressure measurement are used as a screening method.
More sophisticated methods are ultrasound (colour-coded echocardiography, stress-echocardiography, coronary CT-scan, cardio-MRI and cardiac catheterisation). Cardiovascular diseases are treated with drugs, pacemakers, defibrillators, catheter intervention techniques, e.g. dilatation, bare metal stents (BMS), drug eluting stents (DES) and by the latest cardiac surgery techniques. Patients with implants (pacemakers, defibrillators, stents, heart-valves) require regular medical checks through a cardiologist.